1. Explain the effects of industrialization in the United States in the 19th century including:
a. Changes in work and the workplace;
b. Immigration and child labor and their impact on the labor force;
c. Modernization of agriculture;
e. The emergence of a middle class and its impact on leisure, art, music, literature and
other aspects of culture.
2. Analyze the impact of industrialization and the modern corporation in the United States on
economic and political practices with emphasis on:
a. Laissez-faire policies;
c. Standard of living.
3. Analyze the reasons for the rise and growth of labor organizations in the United States
(i.e., Knights of Labor, American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations)
a. Unregulated working conditions;
b. Laissez-faire policies toward big business;
c. Violence toward supporters of organized labor.
4. Explain the goals and outcomes of the late 19th and early 20th century reform movements of
Populism and Progressivism with emphasis on:
a. Urban reforms;
c. Business regulation and antitrust legislation;
d. The movement for public schooling;
e. The regulation of child labor.
5. Trace the development of the United States as a world power with emphasis on:
a. The Spanish-American War;
b. U.S. imperialism in the Far East, South Pacific, Caribbean and Central America.
20th Century Conflict
6. Trace the development of the United States as a world power with emphasis on:
a. The decision to enter into World War I;
b. President Wilson's Fourteen Points;
c. The Treaty of Versailles;
d. The decision of the United States not to participate in the League of Nations.
7. Analyze the impact of U.S. participation in World War II, with emphasis on the change
from isolationism to international involvement including the reaction to the attack on Pearl
8. Explain how the Cold War and related conflicts influenced U.S. foreign policy after 1945
with emphasis on:
a. The Marshall Plan;
b. Communist containment, including the Truman Doctrine, Berlin Blockade and
Cuban Missile Crisis;
c. The Korean War and the Vietnam War.
The United States in the 20th Century
9. Analyze the major political, economic and social developments of the 1920s including:
a. The Red Scare;
b. Women's right to vote;
c. African-American migrations from the South to the North;
d. Immigration restrictions, nativism, race riots and the reemergence of the Ku Klux Klan;
e. The Roaring Twenties and the Harlem Renaissance;
f. Stock market speculation and the stock market crash of 1929.
10. Analyze the causes and consequences of major political, economic and social
developments of the 1930s with emphasis on:
a. The Great Depression;
b. The Dust Bowl;
c. The New Deal.
11. Analyze the impact of U.S. participation in World War II with emphasis on:
a. Events on the home front to support the war effort, including industrial mobilization,
women and minorities in the workforce;
b. The internment of Japanese-Americans.
12. Explain major domestic developments after 1945 with emphasis on:
a. Postwar prosperity in the United States;
c. The space race;
d. Immigration patterns.
13. Trace social unrest, protest and change in the United States including:
a. Antiwar protest during the Vietnam War;
b. The counterculture movement;
c. The women's liberation movement.
14. Analyze the origins, major developments, controversies and consequences of the civil
rights movement with emphasis on:
a. Brown v. Board of Education;
b. Changes in goals and tactics of leading civil rights advocates and organizations;
c. The linkages between the civil rights movement and movements to gain justice for
other minority groups.
People in Societies
1. Describe how the perspectives of cultural groups helped to create political action
groups such as:
a. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP);
b. National Organization for Women (NOW);
c. American Indian Movement (AIM);
d. United Farm Workers.
2. Analyze the perspectives that are evident in African-American, American Indian and Latino
art, music, literature and media and how these contributions reflect and shape culture in the
3. Explain how Jim Crow laws legalized discrimination based on race.
4. Analyze the struggle for racial and gender equality and its impact on the changing status of
minorities since the late 19th century.
5. Explain the effects of immigration on society in the United States:
a. Housing patterns;
b. Political affiliation;
c. Education system;
e. Labor practices;
Places and Regions
1. Explain how perceptions and characteristics of geographic regions in the United States have changed over time including:
a. Urban areas;
d. Centers of industry and technology.
Human Environmental Interaction
2. Describe how changes in technology, transportation and communication affect the
location and patterns of economic activities and use of productive resources.
3. Analyze the geographic processes that contributed to changes in American society
a. Industrialization and post-industrialization;
b. Urbanization and suburbanization;
1. Evaluate the effects of specialization, trade and interdependence on the economic
system of the United States.
2. Analyze the development and impacts of labor unions, farm organizations and
business organizations on the U.S. economy.
Government and the Economy
3. Demonstrate how U.S. governmental policies, including taxes, antitrust legislation and environmental regulations affect individuals and businesses.
4. Explain the reasons for the creation of the Federal Reserve System and its importance to the economy.
5. Analyze the impact of the Great Depression and World War II on the economy of the United States and the resulting expansion of the role of the federal government.
Rules and Laws
1. Examine the U.S. Constitution as a living document by analyzing its evolution through
amendments and Supreme Court decisions including:
a. Plessy v. Ferguson;
b. Brown v. Board of Education;
c. Regents of the University of California v. Bakke.
2. Explain why the 19th and 26th Amendments were enacted and how they affected individuals and groups.
Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities
1. Describe the ways in which government policy has been shaped and set by the
influence of political parties, interest groups, lobbyists, the media and public opinion
with emphasis on:
a. Extension of suffrage;
b. Labor legislation;
c. Civil rights legislation;
d. Military policy;
e. Environmental legislation;
f. Business regulation;
g. Educational policy.
2. Explain how civil disobedience differs from other forms of dissent and evaluate
its application and consequences including:
a. Women's suffrage movement of the late 1800s;
b. Civil rights movement of the 1960s;
c. Student protests during the Vietnam War.
Rights and Responsibilities
3. Explain the considerations and criteria commonly used in determining what limits
should be placed on specific rights including:
a. Clear and present danger;
b. Compelling government interest;
c. National security;
d. Libel or slander;
e. Public safety;
f. Equal opportunity.
4. Analyze instances in which the rights of individuals were restricted including:
a. Conscientious objectors in World War I;
b. Immigrants during the Red Scare;
c. Intellectuals and artists during the McCarthy Era;
d. African-Americans during the civil rights movement.
Social Studies Skills and Methods
Thinking and Organizing
1. Determine the credibility of sources by considering the following:
a. The qualifications and reputation of the writer;
b. Agreement with other credible sources;
c. Recognition of stereotypes;
d. Accuracy and consistency of sources;
e. The circumstances in which the author prepared the source.
2. Critique evidence used to support a thesis.
3. Analyze one or more issues and present a persuasive argument to defend a position.