8th Grade Reading Achievement Test Vocabulary

 

 

 

The following are words, phrases related to the 8th Grade Ohio Reading Achievement Half-Length Test, the reading indicators, and benchmarks.  They are organized by each standard.  Familiarizing our students with these words will be beneficial to them.  It is by no means all-inclusive.  We will continue to add to them as we become more familiar with the test, its format, and content.

 

ACQUISITION OF VOCABULARY:

Abbreviation

Acronym

Antonym-opposite

Affixes

Choice

Context

Context clues – definition, statement, example

Contractions

Define

Definition (V= verb, N=noun)

Definition in context

Denotation, connotation

Dictionary

Figurative language

Figures of speech – metaphor, simile, idiom, personification

Glossary

Kind of feeling

Meaning

Mean (s)

Prefix (es) – im, dis, un, re, pre

Roots

Selection

Sentence

Simile

Suffix (es) – er, est, ful, less, ee

Suggests

Synonym – means same as…

What does the word mean in the sentence?

 

 

 

 

READING PROCESS:

Attitude

Benefit(s)

Cause/effect

Challenges

Compare/contrast – alike, different

Complete

Complete the chart – 2-4 details

Data

Describe 2 ways…

Details

Draw Conclusions

Explain your answer...

How

How does the character feel at the beginning and at the end…?

Graphic organizers

Inference

List 4 things…

Main idea

Motivates (motivation)

Passage

Predict, Predictions

Purpose for reading – to find out, understand, interpret, enjoy, solve problems

Reading selection

Reasons

Sequence

Stress (V)

Subheading

Suggest (s)

Timeline

Use the information from the selection to complete the table, chart etc.

Who, what, where, when, why

 

 

READING APPLICATION: INFORMATIONAL, TECHNICAL, PERSUASIVE TEXT

Author’s purpose – explain, entertain, inform

Author’s viewpoint

Best heading

Brochure

Cause/effect (example of)

Complete the diagram, table, chart, and cutaway

Description

Draw conclusions from graphics, tables, charts, cutaways

Give details to support

 

Graphics

Fact, opinion

Idea, important idea

Implies

Inference

Intended audience

List

Organization of information – organizational structure

Paragraph selection

Passage

Point of View

Selection

Sequencing

Suggest

Support(s)

Supporting details

Text features – table of contents, glossary, index, captions, illustrations, subheadings

Theories

Title

Topic heading

Understands

Use examples from the passage to support your explanation.

Write a sentence to explain what is described in each section of the selection.

Why, who, what, where, why and how

 

READING APPLICATION: LITERARY

Applies

Argument

Author’s purpose

Beginning, middle, and end

Characters, main character

Character analysis – round, flat, static, dynamic

Characteristics of genre: myths, poetry, fiction, nonfiction, drama, biographies, autobiographies

Compare/contrast plots

Conflict

Contemporary

Demonstrates

Express

Flashback

How do characters feel?

How does the speaker feel?

Identify

Illustrate (s)

Language

 

Main Idea

Mood

Narrator

Narrator’s decisions

Play, drama

Plot

Poem

Point of View

Primarily express…

Reading selection (selection)

Sequence

Setting

Speaker in the poem, selection

Story

Story elements

Subjective

Symbols

Syntax

Tell how… felt...

Thematic statement

Theme – stated and implied

Title

Turning point

Use information from the passage to support your answer.

Voice

What does the author mean…?

Which phrase from the poem…?

Who is telling the story?

Why

Word choice

 

 

VERBS:

Complete the chart with advantages and disadvantages.

Describe the problem.

Explain

Give two reasons

Identify

Identify the opinion, the comparison of plot events etc.

Provide at least 3 examples from the selection that support your answer.

State a way…

Support each of your explanations...

Use information from the passage to support your answer.

Write 1 detail, example

Write your answer.

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